Edited by Nayef R.F. Al-Rodhan
The links between economic, political, military, environmental, and societal security have been explored through the assessment of a number of different aspects of globalization. The primary challenges to states and future trends were identified through an in-depth analysis of each of these sectors. Consequently, it helps to paint a complete picture of where security agendas must head in order to move toward furthering stability and security within the international system.
National security can no longer be viewed and conceived of within national borders. It must encompass a transnational and a transcultural perspective. Globalization therefore has a significant role to play at every policy level, whether it be national or international. In the global pursuit of security, no state can rely on the insecurity of another state any longer. Rather, the security of one nation is inextricably linked and dependent on the security of another state. Only then will true global security be achieved.
Thus, we proposed a new, alternative security principle, which we support as the means to achieving true global security for all nations and all cultures. Our principle is termed the “justice-based penta-security principle,” which states: “In a globalized world, security can no longer be thought of as a zero-sum game involving states alone. Global security is a pentagon of human, environmental, national, transnational, and transcultural security, and global security and the security of any one state or culture cannot, therefore, be achieved without good governance (domestic and global) that guarantees security through justice for all individuals, states, and cultures.” In this pursuit, global security can be achieved and further, can be maintained.
In many of the scenarios presented by our authors, states are aware of the necessary steps required in order to make the world more secure. Unfortunately, political will, economic assets, and military capabilities often stand in the way of change. National interests are slowly moving toward a more transnational perspective, but only when this occurs on a more far-reaching scale will the world truly gain from all that globalization has to offer and reap the geopolitical benefits of this phenomenon.
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p. xi-xii. 2 World Economic Situation and Prospects, 2006 (New York: United Nations, 2006). 3 Executive Summary of the World Economic Situation and Prospects, 2006 (New York: United Nations, 2006), p. 1, 3.4 “ILO Director-General Warns of ‘Unprecedented Jobs Crisis’ Hails World Economic Forum Focus On Jobs Creation,” International Labour Organization press release, January 25, 2006.5 United Nations, op. cit, note 3, p. 1. 6 Ibid., p. 6. 7 “One Planet, Many People: Atlas of Our Changing Environment,” United Nations Environment Programme, 2005. 8 Ibid.: “The Human Footprint is a quantitative analysis of human influence on the Earth’s surface,” p. 67. 9 E. Brimmer, “From Territorial Security to Societal Security: Implications for the Transatlantic Strategic Outlook,” in E. Brimmer (ed.), Transforming Homeland
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27 Human Development Report, 2003: Millennium Development Goals: A Compact Among Nations to End Human Poverty, United Nations Development Programme
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28 “UN Launches Plans for Global Early Warning System on Natural Disasters,” January 19, 2005, UN News Centre, see http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?New sID=13077&Cr=natural&Cr1=disaster. 29 Also see the “Project Overview Plan Early Warning Strengthening Project,” UNISDR Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning (PPEW), updated as of April 30, 2005, and will be periodically updated with information on the progress of program development, http://www.unisdr.org/ppew/tsunami/pdf/project-overview-plan.pdf.