The Three Pillars of Sustainable National Security in a Transnational World

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THE FIVE DIMENSIONS OF GLOBAL SECURITY: Proposal for a Multi-sum Security Principle

The Three Pillars of Sustainable National Security in a Transnational World

In today's transnational world, a sustainable national security policy cannot be achieved through national capabilities alone. Sustainable national security instead rests on three pillars:

1) a multi-sum security principle based on justice at all levels, multilateralism and multidimensionality (including human, environmental, national, transnational and transcultural/transcivilizational security);
2) symbiotic realism in international relations, whereby mutual cooperation among states results in non-conflictual absolute gains; and
3) transcivilizational synergy which results from mutual respect, multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism and cross-fertilization, and will lead to global justice, security and prosperity. This is essential reading for anyone interested in an innovative approach to the complex yet central subject of sustainable national security. 



"This well-written and cogently-argued book captures the complex challenges facing our leaders today and in the future, and delivers a strong set of recommendations for a much-needed reorganisation of national security decision making to make it more responsive and effective. A great read for students and practitioners alike."
Dr. Bates Gill, Director, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Stockholm, Sweden

"National security policy making in the 21st century presents analysts with unprecedented difficulties given the complexity, diversity and transnational character of emerging security threats. This interesting and timely book presents a comprehensive analysis of the new security environment and offers an insightful and radical new approach to national security policy making. It is therefore essential reading for those who are grappling with the new security challenges or merely seeking to have a better understanding of their impact."
Professor James K. Wither, Professor of National Security Studies, College of International and Security Studies, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany


1. The Concept of National Security

1. Defining National Security
2. An Evolving Concept
3. Interests versus Issues

2. Different State Security Doctrines: A Look at History

1. Security Concepts in Europe
2. US National Security Doctrines
3. Security Doctrines in Japan and China
4. Broadening National Security Concepts

3. Comparison of National Security Structures Around the World

1. The Model: The US National Security Council of 1947
2. Comparison of Select NSCs Around the World
3. National Security Decision-making Structures in Countries without an NSC: The Examples of the United Kingdom and France
4. Governance and Control of Nuclear Weapons

4. Challenges to National Security in an Instant and Interdependent World

1. Changing Global Power Structures, State Failure and Regional Conflicts
2. The Security Implications of Population Growth, Migration and Refugee Flows
3. The Information Revolution and National Security
4. Transcivilizational Interactions
5. Growing Economic Cleavages and Energy Security
6. Transnational Organised Crime
7. Non-state Actors, Terrorism and Asymmetrical Warfare
8. Proliferation
9. The Privatisation of Security
10. Health, Diseases and Biosecurity
11. Environmental Security

5. New Approaches to Security and International Relations

1. The Five Dimensions of Global Security and the Multi-sum Security Principle
2. Symbiotic Realism
3. Transcivilizational Synergy

6. A New National Security Model for the 21st Century

1. The NSC Board
2. Issue Groups
3. Principles and Future Trajectories Divisions
4. A Proposed NSC Decision-making Process
5. Towards a Sustainable National Security Doctrine

7. Conclusions