Symbiotic Realism: A Theory of International Relations in An Instant and An Interdependent World

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The Three Pillars of Sustainable National Security in a Transnational World

Symbiotic Realism: A Theory of International Relations in An Instant and An Interdependent World 

Symbiotic Realism is a theory of relations in a globally-anarchic world of instant connectivity and interdependence. It aims to provide a comprehensive framework for understanding the character of relations generated by four interlocking facets of the global system: the neurobiological substrates of human nature; global anarchy; instant connectivity; and interdependence.

It provides a way of understanding how a myriad of actors, including states, transnational corporations, women, the biosphere, and civilizations, help to shape and are shaped by the global system. It also contains a clear normative commitment to moving beyond the present limits of the structure and political organization of the global system towards a more just and peaceful global order



"This is a rich, thoroughly researched, and masterly book that pushes the theory of international relations significantly forward by integrating such important aspects as gender, climate change, access to natural resources, culture, and civilization to the existing conceptual body. It is marked by a deep humanity and cultural tolerance - as well as much common sense. In short: an important contribution to the international debate."

Ambassador Dr. Theodor Winkler, Director, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)


1. Introduction

1. Symbiotic Realism and the Interlocking Dimensions of an Interconnected World

2. Existing Approaches to International Relations

1. Introduction 
2. Realism and Neo-realism 
3. Liberalism and Neo-liberalism 
4. Social Constructivism 
5. Neo-Gramscianism or Transnational Historical Materialism
6. The English School 
7. Feminism 
8. Postmodernism 
9. Green or Environmental Politics 
10. Conclusion

3. Symbiotic Realism

1. Introduction 
2. Actors 
3. Situating Symbiotic Realism 
4. Symbiotic Realism 
5. The Dynamics of the Global System 
6. Dynamics and Relationship between Actors 
7. Governance Structure 
8. Conclusion

4. Conclusions